The Basics of Hydroponic Gardening

Hydroponics is a technique in gardening that only uses water mixed with a nutrient solution, and sometimes, with minimal amounts of coir, perlite, pumice, sand, gravel, brick shards, coconut shells, and wood fiber. Benefits from hydroponic gardening are… plants grow 30-50 percent faster, it has greater yields and it needs less water than soil gardening.

Image by J Wynia via Flickr

If you’re wondering if it is possible for you to use hydroponics, yes it is, and you can be very successful with it too. If you want a hydroponic system in your backyard or in your home, it is recommended for you to buy s system first. Buying a system can give you lots of ideas about how to build your own and improve and expand its use.

Hydroponic Gardening Techniques

  • Wick System

There are different techniques to use for your own hydroponic garden. The first one is the Wick System. Basically, the nutrients are stored in a reservoir and are transferred into the root system by using a candle or lantern wick via its capillary. It usually utilizes sand or perlite; added to a vermiculite mix and a growing medium.

  • Ebb and Flow System

Another technique is the Ebb and Flow System where it uses a submersible pump in the reservoir while the plants are in the upper tray. The reservoir holds the nutrient solution. When the pump is turned on, the solution should flow in the upper tray and delivered to the root of the plants.

If the water has reached a certain level, an overflow pipe drains the water back to the reservoir. After an allotted time, the solution is slowly drained back to the reservoir through the pump.

  • Nutrient Film Technique

One more technique is the Nutrient Film Technique. It is an active recovery type of hydroponic system that also has a reservoir with a submersible pump. The solution is then pumped into a tube where the plant roots are suspended. The tube is in a slight angle pointing downwards so the nutrient solution only runs over the roots and flows back to the reservoir.

  • Continuous Drip

The last technique is the Continuous Drip, which is also an active type of system. It also uses a submersible pump in a reservoir along with supply lines for each plant. With a drip emitter for every plant, you can easily regulate the flow of solution for each plant. This technique is often used with rock wool.

Watch this 2:26 minutes video about hydroponic gardening and if you need help, please don’t hesitate to email us. Click here to contact us.

Hydroponic Gardening Works!

If you are interested in having a hydroponic garden, you may want to consider buying a ready-to-use system first to help you get started on a positive note. After you buy one and have observed the system first hand, you can easily improve and expand the one you bought or just create your own from scratch.


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