The Vital Elements Of A Home Vegetable Garden

When you grow your own organic food in your home garden, you really need to consider the location, sun exposure, soil quality, and drainage.

Let’s start with the location. It is important that it be in a convenient place that has the correct sun exposure. Try to make the space close to your water source. Or have a system of hose pipes to reach your garden comfortably.

It will be very taxing if you have to walk a long distance with your seeds and gardening tools, and buckets of water… trying to prepare and care for your vegetables. This is an issue to consider only if you have a large area of property where you are living. For smaller plots of land and indoor growing…this will not be an issue.

The Correct Sun Exposure

You have to choose the correct spot to yield the best result with your vegetable garden.  An area that slopes a little to the south or east, which appears to catch the sunshine early in the morning and hold it longer, is best. The health of your plants depends on the photosynthesis process… getting enough sunshine to make their own food.

Also, you don’t want the direct path of your garden to be exposed to the north and northeast winds. If you have a tool shed or other building, even a wooden fence that can help to protect your garden from the winds… it will boost your success factor. Even some low growing shrubs or a hedge would be a big help and very useful in protecting your garden from the winds.

The Soil

For most people that grow their own organic gardens or that will be growing a garden, hopefully soon, will use the rotor tiller to condition the soil for easy planting and better oxygen circulation. A lot of earthworms for the garden will also help with oxygenation too.

You will be hard pressed to actually find any ideal garden soil that is balanced and fully ready for use, unfortunately. But that’s okay, you can take care of that and I will tell you how shortly in this article.

You should have your soil tested first… to check for the mineral content. Once you find out what is missing from the soil you can add what is needed using organic material.

Good, rich soil is usually the result of careful cultivation. Till your soil to change the raw plant food stored in the soil in available forms. Then add manure from organically raised animals and add other organic plant food to the soil from outside sources.

Of the three types of soil, the sandy, the clay, and the loamy… the loamy soil is considered the best because it holds the moisture and nutrients and drain at a medium pace. The sandy soil is drier, drains quickly and does not hold the nutrients well. The clay type soil is nutrient rich but drains really slow and can cause the roots of some plants to rot.

Drainage

The other thing you have to look out for when selecting your garden site is drainage. Dig down eight to twelve inches and examine the sub-soil. This is the second strata, usually of different texture and color from the rich surface soil, and harder than it. If you find a sandy or gravelly bed, no matter how yellow and poor it looks, you have chosen the right spot. If it is stiff, heavy clay, especially a blue clay, you will have to either drain it or be okay with having a very late garden… unless you are at the top of a hill or on a slope.

Ask Victoria

If you have a question about growing your own organic food that came up when you read this article, send me an email and I will do my best to assist you. Also, leave your comments. Tell us what you think.


7 Responses to “The Vital Elements Of A Home Vegetable Garden”

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